Types Of Flies For Fly Fishing

Dry fly


Have you ever wondered what fish want to eat and why?  Breaking down what trout want to or have to eat and why. Taking a look at the three types of flies for fly fishing.Flies

Fish need to eat every day, just like us, however fish can’t go to the fridge for a sando when they get hungry. Fish basically are waiting to see what will float their way on that particular day. Anyway, It’s important to understand that fish are food opportunist, they have to eat every day however they know the math of expending energy vs the amount of food they are chasing and whether it’s worth the amount of energy they will spend for that one meal. So basically fish will eat what’s in front of them unless they think that chasing a bigger meal will suit them better.

It’s important to understand the progression of an insect and how it progresses from and infant to and adult. A caddis fly, for example, lay their eggs beneath the surface of the water, the egg then progresses into a larva and then into a pupa as the caddis pupates they will eventually hatch into an adult and then float to the surface (emerger). If they make it all the way to this stage without becoming fish food, the caddis flies away. Unfortunately only to fall back to the surface of the water where the fish are waiting. This is where the fishing term “hatch” comes from. Fish feed on all stages of this life cycle.

Here we go, The 3 Main Types Of Flies

Nymphs Nymphs

Or as my grandfather use to call them wet files, are the larva and the pupa of the flies life cycle. Insects spend the majority of their life cycle underneath the surface of the water and because fish spend about 80% of their time eating below the water’s surface nymphs can be an effective way of fishing.  It’s also important to know that nymphs are in abundance in the river and trout feed primarily on this type of fly.

The way to fish a nymph fly is kind of like fishing with worms, we have all done that right? Because the fly is beneath the water’s surface a strike indicator is normally used to allow the angler to detect a fish strike. Once the indicator reacts then you simply set the hook and wha la you’ve caught yourself a fish. It’s not always quite as easy as that but you get the idea.

Dry fliesDry fly

Fishing with dry flies are fun because dry flies sit on top of the water and the fish has to breach the water’s surface to take the fly. To say the least it is exhilarating to watch a fish com out of the water and go after your presentation or fly.

The way to fish a dry fly is a bit more technical. Dry flies are all about presentation, what does that mean? Well a dry fly needs to look natural, casting is the key, the fly needs to float on the surface of the water just like a real fly. It may sound easy but currents as well as your fly line can make it hard to replicate a natural fly. The key is to try and make the float of your fly go the same speed as anything else that is on the water. If you can do that you have a great chance of watching a nice fish come up to take your fly or as we say it your presentation.


Oh boy streamers, what a fun way to catch or try to catch fish. It’s been said that bigger fish like the streamer. A streamer basically replicates a a leach, minnows, fry, sculpins or other swimming fish food. Fish go after streamers aggressively, it’s a big meal for them and they don’t want it to get away, “ they want it in their belly”, When a fish hits your streamer you know it and then the fight is on. Oh ya, fishing streamers is fun!

The way to fish a steamer is actually quite simple. You want to cast it ¾  of the way upstream and let the current take it downstream, all the while giving it a short or longish tug or at least some type of action. If you get it in the vicinity of a fish well, they have a hard time resisting a somewhat bigger meal and they will definitely try to eat. If you can figure out where the big fish are holding, log jams, rock pockets, back eddies, etc. You can present your streamer and the bigger fish will chase after it. It’s exciting just writing about it!

There you go the Tree main types of flies for fly fishing. The type or kind of nymphs, dries or streamers for your river or area may be specific so it’s best to ask around. Hit up your local fly shop and ask question, talk to local anglers and get their insight. If you just ask, you will find that most folks will gladly give up great information and maybe some well kept secrets.

As always “happy fishing” and check out our site for more quality information, Here.



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